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How To Customize Mouse Acceleration in Windows 11, SmoothMouseXCurve and SmoothMouseYCurve

by Yaron Elharar

In today’s digital age, fine-tuning your computer to fit your specific needs can significantly boost your productivity and comfort. One often overlooked aspect of computer customization is mouse acceleration, which affects how the cursor moves in response to your physical mouse movements. Windows 11 refers to this feature as “Enhanced pointer precision.” Although direct customization options for this feature are missing from the Windows interface, it’s entirely possible to adjust mouse acceleration to your liking through the Windows Registry. This article will guide you through the process of modifying “Enhanced pointer precision” settings by focusing on specific registry keys: Mousethreshold1, Mousethreshold2, SmoothMouseXCurve, and SmoothMouseYCurve.

The Problem with Default Settings

The default setting for mouse acceleration in Windows, while designed with good intentions, often falls short of meeting the diverse needs of users today, especially those with multiple monitors. The main issue is that the preset configuration feels outdated; it requires too much physical effort to navigate the cursor across the screen or screens. This inefficiency becomes a glaring problem when the goal is achieving a balance between making small, precise movements and quickly moving the cursor over large distances. This gap between expectation and reality highlights the need for a more customizable approach to mouse acceleration.

Understanding Mouse Acceleration

Mouse acceleration increases the cursor speed based on the speed of your physical mouse movement. This feature aims to balance precision and speed, allowing for quicker cursor movement across the screen without sacrificing the ability to make precise selections. However, the default settings might not suit everyone’s preferences or workflow requirements.

The Technical Backbone

The acceleration of the mouse in Windows is controlled through two main components:

  • Acceleration Multipliers: Mousethreshold1 and Mousethreshold2 are registry settings that act as acceleration multipliers. They define the speed thresholds at which acceleration increases.
  • Acceleration Curve: SmoothMouseXCurve and SmoothMouseYCurve are registry keys that define the acceleration curve, which is essentially a mapping that dictates how fast the cursor moves on the screen in response to physical mouse movements. These keys have been part of Windows since XP and continue to play a crucial role in Windows 11.

Decoding SmoothMouseXCurve and SmoothMouseYCurve

These registry keys represent an acceleration curve through five points, detailing the relationship between physical mouse movement (measured in mickeys or counts) and cursor movement on the screen. The SmoothMouseXCurve key defines different rates of physical mouse movement, while SmoothMouseYCurve correlates to the cursor’s movement speeds.

Each point on these curves is encoded in a fixed-point 16.16 format, with the first 16 bits representing the integer part and the latter 16 the fractional part, allowing for precise representation of values. Furthermore, these values are stored in little-endian format, meaning the least significant bytes come first in the data sequence.

Understanding SmoothMouseXCurve and SmoothMouseYCurve

The SmoothMouseXCurve and SmoothMouseYCurve are Windows Registry keys designed to fine-tune mouse acceleration. These keys dictate how the mouse pointer’s velocity on the screen responds to the physical movement of the mouse. Specifically, they define an acceleration curve that maps physical mouse movements (input speeds) to cursor movements (output speeds) on your display.

Acceleration Curve Explanation

  • These keys store five coordinate pairs, with each pair defining a point on the acceleration curve. The X values, defined by SmoothMouseXCurve, represent thresholds of physical mouse speed, while the Y values, from SmoothMouseYCurve, correspond to the cursor’s movement speed on the screen.
  • Essentially, this creates a coordinate system (X,Y) for an acceleration curve, where each point dictates the mouse’s acceleration behavior at different speeds.

Decoding Fixed-Point 16.16 Format and Little-Endian Encoding

  • Fixed-Point 16.16 Format: This format splits 32 bits into two halves: the first 16 bits (higher-order bits) represent the integer part, and the second 16 bits (lower-order bits) represent the fractional part. This allows precise representation of both integer and fractional values.
  • Little-Endian Encoding: In this encoding style, the least significant byte is stored first. This is crucial for correctly reading and interpreting the hexadecimal values in the registry.

Correct Method for Converting Hexadecimal to Decimal

Given the little-endian format and the fixed-point 16.16 format, to convert hex values to human-readable decimals:

  • Correct Interpretation for Little-Endian: For a hex value like 15,6E,00,00, it’s essential to read it in reverse order due to little-endian encoding, focusing on the significant portion, which is 6E15 in this context.
  • Conversion Process:
    • Convert the significant hex part (6E15) to a decimal value.
    • Divide the result by 216   to adjust for the fixed-point 16.16 format, translating it into a decimal that represents the fractional part of the number.

Practical Example

  • For 15,6E,00,00, the correct reading in little-endian format focuses on 6E15. Converting 6E15 to decimal and applying the fixed-point format yields approximately 0.43001, accurately reflecting the intended fractional value for use in mouse acceleration settings.


Customizing your mouse acceleration through the Windows Registry provides a level of control over your computing experience that goes beyond standard settings, allowing for a tailored cursor movement that can enhance both productivity and gaming experiences. By understanding and applying changes to Mousethreshold1, Mousethreshold2, SmoothMouseXCurve, and SmoothMouseYCurve, you can fine-tune your mouse behavior to perfectly suit your needs. Remember, modifying the registry comes with risks, so it’s crucial to proceed with caution and back up your registry before making any changes.

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